by Dr. Ved Kumari

Om auspiciousness. Salutation to the auspicious Ganes'a.
Salutation to the venerable Vasudeva Om.

Verses 803-900

803. If that very 12th is united with Sravana constellation, he, if desiring, rnay have mastery over the worlds for as long as there are the fourteen Indras.

804-805. Taking out some clay, on that day, from the confluence of Vitasta and Sindhu, one should always take bath with that at the time of taking bath. By that (bath) a man gets always the merit of taking bath in the confluence.

806. After that, on the 4th of Asvayuj, the worship of the gods is performed with all means and in the manner told about the ninth day.

807. There should be honoured the lucky ladies whose husbands are alive and who are devoted to their husbands, and also the sisters and others.

808. Just as in the month of Asvayuj, so in Magha and so in Jyestha, (these ladies) should be honoured. Thus, there is the triad of 4th days.

809. Uccaihsrava should be worshipped with effort, in the bright fortnight of Asvayuj when the moon is united with Svati constellation.

810. O twice-born, if that (union of the moon with Svati constellation) be on the 9th, then horses should be worshipped and the rites for their pacification and welfare should be performed daily.

811. (For fastening to the horses) a wise man should piece together paddy (dhanya), Semecarpusanacardium (bhallataka), Costtus-speciosus (kustha) Acaruscalamus (vaca) and white mustard (siddharthaka) by means of a thread of five colours.

812. Sacrifice should be performed in the fire with the mantras dealing with Vayu, Varuna, Surya, gakra, Visnu, Visvadevas and Agni.

813. The horses should he controlled by persons holding weapons in their hands. Beating them and mounting upon them should be prohibited on that day.

814-15. When the moon is united with Sakra constellation, then the best elephants - Kumuda, Eravana, Padma, Puspadanta, Vamana, Supratika, Anjana and Nila - should be worshipped. After doing salutation, the same procedure as told with rererence to the horscs, should be followed in the case of the elephants.

816-19a. Then, on the 8th, the artisans, having undergone fast, should worship Bhadrakali in proper manner, with valuable incenses, garlands, clothes, lamps, jewels, eatables, fruits, herb-roots, meat and various sorts of vegetables, and by gratifying the fire and the Brahmanas. (Bhadrakali should be worshipped) also with leaves of Bilva, sandlewood, purified butter, drinks of various types and grains and by decoration of the earth, dancing and singing and the observation of vigil at night.

819b-20a. O twice-born, the books should be worshipped in the temple of Durga and the artisans should also worship their tools.

820b-22. Having obtained auspiciously the musical instruments and armours and weapons, one - with pleased mind - should eat food mixed with curd and consecrated with sacred formulae by a Brahmana, and give that also to dependants, friends and astrologers. The women should go to a fruit-tree and worship.........

823. Having worshipped the goddess with fowers, lamps, incense, food etc. one should offer balls of food to an eagle. Gladly accepted by him, the food-ball..........

824-26. O Brahmanas, food should be offered to the fnends, the relatives, the Brahmanas, and the dependants, in spring and winter, on the 8th or the 4th, and on the 14th and the 9th of the bright fortnight and not of the other one. Just as the worship of the goddess was performed, so should the meals be taken in front (of her).

827-28. O Brahman, the wise should, in this very manner, make offerings, excluding the food-ball for the eagle, to the goddess of the house, in the beginning of the year.

That (offering) should be made at home and never under a tree.

829. When the beautiful vine-grove is ripe one should go there accompanied by one's wife, servants and friends.

830-33. Anointed, bathed, garlanded and well-dressed, one should worship the goddess gyama, in the vine-grove, with flowers, incense, grains, eatables, much half-ripe barley, purified butter and honey, and by gratifying the Brahmanas. O twice-born, the grapes should be offered, first of all, to the Brahmanas. Then, the meals consisting mostly of grapes should be taken and after that a festival full of dancing and singing should be celebrated.

834. King's bath ( to be performed) in accordance with the instructions of works on astrology, which is fruitful at all times, is prescribed on the day of Pusya constellation in every month.

835-36. O twice-born, all should worship the moon, the stars, the planets and also the gods of the constellations, with the wealth of flowers, incense and food, at the time when the moon is united with Janma-constellation. The Brahmanas and the fire should be worshipped and the festival of vocal and instrumental music should be celebrated.

837-838. O best among the twice-borns, the king should perform every year, a Laksahoma and a Kotihoma. The procedure of their performance should be known from the Kalpa (sutras) and the works related to the Atharvaveda.

839. All these acts which are to be performed always, and others which are for specific purposes, should be performed after consulting the astrologers and the priests.

840. O best among the twice-borns, the kings should take the coronation-bath, every year at the anniversary of their coronation, always in the same manner as in the beginning.

841-43. Having undergone a fast, the priest should give offerings in the sacrificial fire, with the groups of formulae, namely Pratiratha, gabda, Varsa, Ayusya and Abhaya, and with mantras sacred to Visnu, gakra, Savita, Brahma, Rudra and Varuna. The city should be made swarming with flags and banners.

844. The road should be made dustless by (sprinkling) pure waters. The citizens - bathed and well-dressed - should wear garlands.

845. The prominent courtesans, the prominent citizens, the outsiders and the chiefs of the ganas should go to the palace of the king.

846. The city and the roads should be adorned by actors and dancers. The pious king, who has already taken bath, should be again bathed with the five products of the cow (i. e. milk, curd, butter, urine and dung).

847-48. He should be bathed by thr chiefs of ganas of the Sudras, the Vaisyas, the Ksatriyas and the Brahmanas, (standing) in west, south, east and north respectively, by means of pitchers made of earth, brass, silver and gold and full of water, milk, curd and purified butter.

849. A great uproar consisting of the sounds of musical instruments, conch-shells, wishes for happy day along with (the sounds of) professional singers, should be made at the time of bath.

850. The subordinate kings should have umbrellas and chowries in their hands. The king who has already taken bath, should be again bathed with clays, in the proper order.

851. Then, the head of the kings should be purified with the clay from the peak of a mountain, the ears should be sanctified (with the clay) from an ant-hill and the neck with that from the temple of Sakra.

852-53. His heart should be purified with the clay from the door of king's palace, and the back with the clay from the temple. The right arm (should be purified) with the clay dug by means of elephant's tusk and the other one, with the earth dug with the horn of the bull. His waist (should be purified) with the earth from the door of a Vaisya and his thighs with the earth from a lake of lotuses.

854-55, The citizens - bathed and well-dressed - should hold auspicious things in their hands. Already bathed, the king should again be bathed with (water sanctified with) all auspicious herbs, all scents, all jewels, all seeds, all flowers, all fruits, Durva-grass, Gorocana paint and sprouts.

856-58a. Then, keeping ahead the priest seated on bhadrasana, the well-dressed people - the Brahmanas, the Ksatriyas, the Vaisyas, the chiefs of the gudras, the leading courtesans and the merchants - should anoint the king in proper manner, in accordance with the sayings of the astrologer, with the water of the sacred places brought there, as far as possible.

858-60. Then, the king - bathed, anointed, crowned garlanded diademed and decorated - should worship the gods, touch the auspicious objects, give the last offering (in the sacrifice) and after that, honour with heaps of wealth, the astrologer along with the priest and other Brahmanas, as far as the means may allow. He should also announce freedom from fear.

861. He should release all who are gone to the slaughter-house, like the animals (gone to the slaughter house). All, except those who are thorns for the world, should be released from bondage.

862. The Home-priest himself should make the king sit on an auspicious and beautiful Lion-throne covered with the skin of a tiger.

863-65. With auspicious objects in their hands, all the subjects should see ( him ).

Having worshipped the umbrella, the weapons, the arrays of elephants and horses, he should climb- a decorated elephant and give away heaps of wealth.

Having gone around the whole of the city, he should return to his home, honour the subordinate kings and the leading citizens with wealth and bidfarewell to them.

866. Having got up, the king should daily worship the gods, the twice-born, and the fire and see the (reflection of his own) face in purified butter.

867. (He should) listen to the announcement of the date and the constellation and act accarding to the instructions of the physician. Having gone to the court, he should see to the legal procedure impartially.

868. O best among the twice-borns, (the king) should never insult anybody and should always check internal dissension.

869. This country being difficult to approach and so free from the fear of the circle of enemies, the strongly-rooted kings are destroyed here due to internal dissension.

870. O twice-born, the gods alwaysreside in Kasmira-mandala. Devotion must be shown towards them and also towards the Nagas and the Brahmanas.

871. The Pisacas also should be worshipped with the rites including home-offerings. The people should be settled well and made to follow the (traditions of the) country.

872-73. All the people immigrating (to Kasmira) from the other directions, should be honoured. O descendant of Kasyapa, all should be penalized in accordance with their crimes. The king should neither be very hard in giving punishment nor should forgive anyone. He should carry on the administration in accordance with the instructions of the treatises on polity.

874. O Brahman, during the six months, when Nikumbha has gone out and not returned, the kings should go on pilgrimage, to the temple of the god.

875. O Brahman, listen from me, who is telling the procedure in which the festival of the pilgrimage should be celebrated, in every temple of the gods, at least once a year.

876-78. Praised is the pilgrimage on the 4th to the abode of Vinayaka, on the 6th to the abode of Kumara, on the 7th to that of the sun, on the 9th to the temple of Durga on the 5th to the temple of Sri, on the 8th or the 14th to the temple of Mahadeva, on the 8th to the temple of Sakra, on the bright 151h to that of the Moon, on the 4th to that of Dhanada and on the 5th to that of Varuna.

879-80. The fifth, the twelfth and the fifteenth are honoured for pilgrimages to the abodes of all the Nagas.

O descendant of Kasyapa, the bright fifteenth is prescribed (for visiting the abodes of) all the gods. The houses of the guests may be visited on all the dates.

881. He who intends to go on a journey should, first of all, worship the lord of Vinayakas, on an auspicious day, with heaps of sweetmeats.

882. On the 2nd day should be observed the pacification of the planets and on the 3rd should be performed the worship of the Gandharvas.

883. On the 4th, the Pisacas should be worshipped and on the 5th should be performed the worship of the local Naga.

884. On the 6th day, the Brahmanas should be honoured and on 7th, the poor and the helpless.

885. Listen to the procedure, in which the bath giving ceremony should be celebrated, after having performed thus properly, the sacrifice for seven days.

886-87. The temple of the god should be whitewashed and painted. Having thus performed the sacrifice dacorated with multitude of flowers, the image should be bathed, in accordance with the instructions of Kalpa and Sakha, amidst sounds of goodday-songs and dances of fortunate ladies.

888. Thereafter, the citizens, with dances leading their procession, should bring the holy water for bathing the image, with great pomp and show.

889. (The water should be brought) from a sacred place situated near by, placed either on the back of an elephant or in a conveyance drawn by horses or bulls or men. 890. Having got ( water ), they should bathe the image with that (water) in the proper manner. As regards the city, the same procedure as told with reference to the coronation of the king, should be followed.

891. At the arrival of the day of the pilgrimage, Kutagara decorated with clothes, garlands, scents and banners should be constructed.

892-93. Having placed there the (original) image and another of similar form, the Kutagara should be drawn by horses or bulls or strong men decorated with garlands and clothes. The king along with his army should follow.

894. If the city has no king, the president (Pradhana) should accompany (the psocession) . Others should offer worship with incense at various places.

895. Amidst murmuring sounds, high sounds and the cries of victory, the auspicious Kutagrha should be carried around the city through an even road.

896. Then, after the entrance of the image into the temple of the god, a great festival of singing and dancing should be celebrated.

897. The arrangements for dramatic performances of those who earn their living by the stage, should be made on the next day. O best among the twice-borns, money should be given to wrestlers and others in accordance with their strength and efficiency.

898. O best among the twice-borns, at the time of the dramatic performances, the human spectators should be honoured with betel-globes, flowers etc.

899. 0 best among the twice-borns, cooked rice along with flowers and fruits should be scattered for the beings, who are invisible spectators in the cave.

900. The lord of the Nagas spoke thus to that Brahmana possessed of fame. This should be done with effort, by those who desire health, (long) life, and wealth.

Kashmiri Overseas Association
Nilamata Purana